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1. Cut

Refers to how well a diamond has been shaped and faceted. The cut significantly influences a diamond’s brilliance and sparkle. Well-cut diamonds reflect light in a way that enhances their visual appeal.

2. Color

Diamonds come in a range of colors, and the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) grades them on a scale from D (colorless) to Z (light yellow or brown). The less color a diamond has, the higher its value.

3. Clarity

Describes the presence of internal and external flaws, known as inclusions and blemishes, respectively. The clarity grade ranges from Flawless (no imperfections visible under magnification) to Included (imperfections visible to the naked eye).

4. Carat Weight

Represents the weight of a diamond and is often associated with its size. One carat is equivalent to 0.2 grams. Larger diamonds generally have a higher carat weight and can be more valuable, but other factors like cut, color, and clarity also contribute to a diamond’s overall worth.

Understanding these 4 Cs allows consumers and professionals alike to make informed decisions when buying or trading diamonds, ensuring they choose stones that align with their preferences and budget while considering the quality and rarity of the gem.